- Difficulty with focus and concentration
- Difficulty prioritizing and organizing
- Problems completing tasks
- Being forgetful and having problems fulfilling commitments
- Restlessness, fidgeting, and hyperactivity
- Sleep problems
- A tendency to frustrate easily, or become despondent and give up too quickly
- Difficulty calming down when upset
- Being "emotionally impulsive:" making snap decisions, being irritable and argumentative
Once thought to be a disorder of childhood and adolescence, it is now widely recognized that ADHD can persist into adulthood. ADHD in adults looks different than in children- chronic lateness, trouble keeping a job, relationship problems, traffic violations, financial problems
- Estimates vary, but broad consensus is that about 4% of US adults have ADHD
- 9.4% of children 2-17 years of age (6.1 million) had ever been diagnosed with ADHD
- 2 of 3 children with ADHD had at least one other mental, emotional, or behavioral disorder
- About 1 of 3 children with ADHD had anxiety
While individuals with ADHD are more likely to have additional mental health problems (as compared to those without ADHD), their symptoms are sometimes mistaken for depression, anxiety, or even bipolar disorder. This can lead to stigmatization and unnecessary medications that do not treat the underlying problem.
Checklists, self-report and observations are subject to bias and distortion. The IVA-2 CPT, together with comprehensive clinical evaluation, has been found to correctly identify individuals 90% of the time and not misclassify 89% of individuals without ADHD (11% false positive). More and more physicians and specialty providers are asking for testing prior to prescribing medications for ADHD.